European University Press: Bulletin of the German China Association

Bulletin of the German China Association
BGCA 64 (2020)
BGCA 63 (2019)
BGCA 62 (2018)
BGCA 61 (2017)

Bulletin of the German China Association [German, Mitteilungsblatt der Deutschen China-Gesellschaft] ISSN 1436-8048, since 1957
Editorial Board: Karl-Heinz Pohl, University Trier/Germany; Harro von Senger, University Freiburg/Germany; Martin Woesler, University Witten/Germany.

This is a double blind peer reviewed annual journal on traditional China, Website: Submission Guidelines: Please orient yourself at the existing form and quotation style, the copy editors will format your paper.

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2020 pdf for download
Editorial and ReportsMitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 63 (2020) 1-16;
Martin Woesler, Hunan Normal University/China "Die Epidemie stoppen, nicht nur verlangsamen. Und warum nicht 70% der Deutschen an Corona erkranken werden" Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 63 (2020) 17-27
What we can learn from China: To stop, not just to slow down the epidemic – And why not 70% of Germans will get infected by Corona
In the current epidemic, the population lacks a clear scenario with a time horizon and a goal, as well as a planning for the period after the epidemic. In this article, it is derived from the experience in China and Korea that not 70% of Germans have to get sick to stop the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic in Germany, but that the epidemic can be restrained by contact bans until Mid April and stopped until end of May 2020. This is due to the fact, that the reproduction rate R (in 1-(1/R)) here is not 3, but tends towards 0 and only regionally reaches 3 during the limited time of the hot phase of an outbreak. An unhindered spread is only theoretically possible, but does not occur in human history, simply because men are reasonable and instinctively keep distance. An increase to around 200,000 infected (with a peak of about 80,000 registered ill patients at the same time, after subtraction of recovered and dead patients) and around 5,000 deaths by about mid-April and 10,000 until end of May is extrapolized from experiences. However, all figures are highly dynamic and may vary extremely, as can be seen from single events, e.g. the ski village Ischgl.
„Corona-Virus-Karte. Infektionen Deutschland, weltweit“. Morgenpost, besucht am 29.3.2020
Imperial College. “COVID-19 NPI modeling“, 16.3.2020
Johns Hopkins University „Coronavirus COVID-19 Global Cases by the Center for Sys-tems Science and Engineering (CSSE) at Johns Hopkins University (JHU)“ https://, besucht am 29.3.2020
„Grippewelle war tödlichste in 30 Jahren“ Ärzteblatt (20.9.2019), online:, besucht am 29.03.2020
Robert Koch-Institut: „Nationales Referenzzentrum für Masern, Mumps, Röteln“. https://, besucht am 29.3.2020.
Rhodes, A.; Ferdinande, P.; Flaatten, H.; Guidet, B.; Metnitz, P. G.; Moreno, R. P. (2012-10-01). "The variability of critical care bed numbers in Europe". Intensive Care Medicine. 38 (10): 1647–1653. doi:10.1007/s00134-012-2627-8. ISSN 1432-1238. PMID 22777516.
Xu, Chengdong & Wang, Jinfeng & Wang, Li & Cao, Chunxiang. (2014). Spatial pattern of severe acute respiratory syndrome in-out flow in 2003 in Mainland China. BMC infec-tious diseases. 14.3843.10.1186/s12879-014-0721-y.

Sun Mengyao, Michael Knüppel, Liaocheng University/China, Bestattungs-Bräuche der Muslime Shandongs Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 63 (2020) 28-33
Burial Rites of the Hui Muslims in Shandong
This article introduces the funeral customs of the Hui-Muslims of Shandong Province. In particular the process starting with the death struggle and ending with the burial itself is described. The various customs regarding the preparations of the dead body, its washing and shrouding as well as the prayers and way of transportation from the house to the cemetery are dealt with.
Dillon, Michael: 1999 China’s Muslim Hui commu-nity: migration, settlement and sects, Richmond: Curzon, 1999.
Gladney, Dru C.: 1996 Muslim Chinese: Ethnic nationalism in the People’s Republic, ²Cambridge/Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996 (Harvard East Asian Monographs 149).
Knüppel, Michael: On Chinese Āhōng 阿訇. In: Studia Linguistica (z. Zt. im Druck).
Sun Mengyao / Knüppel, Michael: On Chinese Hui-Muslim elementary vocabulary (1): Prayer terminology. In: Studia Linguistica (z. Zt. im Druck).

Klaus Mäding, Witten/Germany, Offene und versteckte Botschaften in moderner chinesi-scher Malerei Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 63 (2020) 34-55
English Title: Direct and hidden messages in modern Chinese paintings
Contemporary Chinese oil and acryl painting has at present met with high international interest and esteem. Modern painters in China are strongly influenced by Western aesthetics, but offer at the same time revealing insights into the internal political, social and psychological problems of China. An analysis is offered here of 13 paintings, mainly from the 1990s, i. e. after the military suppression of the democracy move-ment on the Tiananmen Square in June 1989. These paintings present critical views in a variety of forms.

1. Ausstellungskataloge
Van Dijk, Hans, Jochen Noth u. Andreas Schmid, China Avantgarde (für Haus der Kulturen, Berlin), Heidelberg 1993.
Ronte, Dieter, Walter Smerling u. Evelyn Weiss (Hg.), China. Zeitgenössische Malerei, Bonn 1996.
Smerling, Walter (Hg.), Chinart (für Museum Küppersmühle), Duisburg 2002.
Eller, Thomas, Andreas Schmid, Guo Xiaoyan u. Yu Zhang (Hg.), Die 8 der Wege, Kunst in Beijing, Berlin 2014.
Smerling, Walter, Tobia Bezzola u. Ferdinand Ullrich (Hg.), China8, Zeitgenössische Kunst, Köln 2015.
Die Abbildungen wurden aus Ronte, 1996 und Smerling 2002 übernommen und werden hier im Rahmen des wissenschaftlichen Kleinzitats verwendet.
2. Abbildungen
Für die Bearbeitung danke ich Dr. Gerd Grün, Bochum.
Abb. 1 Ma Xuelin, Von Tag zu Tag verändert sich das Antlitz (vor 1976).
Abb. 2 Guo Jin, Sprung (1995), 190 x 155 cm.
Abb. 3 Cui Zhenkuan, Purpursonne (2000), 193 x 140 cm.
Abb. 4 Ding Fang, Liebesklagelied (Anfang der 1990er Jahre), 160 x 280 cm.
Abb. 5 Zhang Linhai, Schäfer (2002), 200 x 250 cm.
Abb. 6 Xue Song, Roter Osten (1993), 160 x 140 cm.
Abb. 7 Yu Youhan, Mädchen (1988), 59 x 76 cm.
Abb. 8 Zhang Gong, Der tapfere Tom (1995), 193,5 x 130 cm.
Abb. 9 Zhang Xiaogang, Große Familie, Nr. 2 (1995), 170 x 210 cm.
Abb.10 Liu Dahong, Schmetterlinge und Blumen (1993), Teil einer Querrolle von 57 x 490 cm.
Abb. 11 Ohne Namensnennung (Der Name des Malers ist dem Autor bekannt), Geboren 1989 (1995 - 96), 170 x 150 cm.
Abb. 12 Tang Zhigang, Children in Meeting (2002), 180 x 210 cm.
Abb. 13 Zeng Fanzhi, Maske, Nr. 11 (1994),180 x 150 cm.
3. Ausgewählte Literatur
artnet (
Asia Art Archive, Hongkong (
Becker, Tania, Die Revolution verschlingt ihre Bilder, in: Jahrbuch der Deutschen Vereinigung für Chinastudien 8 ( 2014 ) S. 159 – 175
Clunas, Craig, Chinese Painting and Its Audiences, Washington 2017
Gao Minglu, Inside Out. New Chinese Art, Berkeley 1998.
Geist, Beate, Die Modernisierung der chinesischen Kultur (80er Jahre), Hamburg 1996.
Huang Weiping, Kindheit als Motiv in den Ölgemälden von Guo Jin. Eine kulturpolitische Interpretation. Ursula Toyka-Fuong (Hg.), Brücken und Brüche. Chinas Malerei im 20. Jahrhundert, Orientierungen, Zeitschrift zur Kultur Asiens, Sonderheft Bonn 1998, S. 127 – 133.
Koch, Franziska, Die „chinesische Avantgarde“ und das Dispositiv der Ausstellung, Bielefeld 2016.
Li Zehou, Der Weg des Schönen. Wesen und Ge-schichte der chinesischen Kultur und Ästhetik, Freiburg i. Br. 1992.
Mittler, Barbara, Alltag als Fest. Mao als Ikone der chinesischen Kulturrevolution (1966 – 1976), in : minima sinica H. 2 (2006) S. 25 – 47.
Paul, Gerhard, Das Mao-Porträt. Herrscherbild, Protestsymbol und Kunstikone. Zeithistorische Forschungen, Online-Ausgabe 6 (2009) H. 1.
Pohl, Karl-Heinz, Identität und Hybridität – Chinesische Kultur und Ästhetik im Zeitalter der Globalisierung. Mitteilungsblatt der Deutschen China-Gesellschaft 61 (2018) S. 25 - 39
Schoeni, Manfred u. a., Wang Yi Dong, Hongkong 1999.
Siemons, Mark, Die chinesische Verunsicherung, München 2017.
Toyka-Fuong, Ursula, Chinas moderne Malerei. „Wirklichkeit“ und Inspiration. Diess. (Hg.), Brücken und Brüche. Chinas Malerei im 20. Jahrhundert, Orientierungen, Zeitschrift zur Kultur Asiens, Sonderheft Bonn 1998, S. 1 -23.
Woesler, Martin, Das entkunstete Land. Kunst und politische Macht im China der Gegenwart. Mitteilungsblatt der Deutschen China-Gesellschaft 60 (2017) S. 66 – 85.

Thomas Weyrauch, Gießen/Germany, Chinesen in Deutschland und Deutsche in China 1933-1945 Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 63 (2020) 56-65
Common Destiny – Chinese in Germany, Germans in China 1933-1945
In the era of the Nazi dictatorship, the vic-tims of the political system, primarily German Jews, saw their only chance to escape persecu-tion by migrating to China. In Japanese-occupied Shanghai, they still were in danger of being extradited to Germany, given the German-Japanese alliance and the local Nazi organizations. When the Republic of China entered war in 1941, Chinese living in Germany were deported to prisons or concentration camps, while the German Jews in Shanghai had to live in a ghetto.
Amenda, Lars. „Metropole, Migration, Imagina-tion: Chinesenviertel und chinesische Gast-ronomie in Westeuropa 1900–1970“ Leib-niz-Zentrum für Zeithistorische Forschung. Zeithistorische Forschungen (2007) 3:287 ff.
Amenda, Lars. Geheime Tunnel unter St. Pauli? – Gerüchte über das „Chinesenviertel“ in den 1920er Jahren. Unter Hamburg von 2006,, Abruf am 04.03.2020.
Eber, Irene. Jewish Refugees in Shanghai 1933 – 1947: A Selection of Documents. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 2018
Freyeisen, Astrid. Shanghai und die Politik des Dritten Reiches. Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann: 2000
Fritz-Bauer-Institut (Hg.). Völkermord und Kriegs-verbrechen in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhun-derts. Frankfurt – New York: Campus 2004
Guo, Hengyu (Hg.). Von der Kolonialpolitik zur Kooperation: Studien der deutsch-chinesischen Be-ziehungen. München: Minerva 1986
Hamburger Abendblatt (26.07.2008),, Abruf am 11.03.2020
Institut für Bürgerrechte & öffentliche Sicher-heit e.V.: Bürgerrechte & Polizei/CILIP (Zeit-schrift). Berlin Heft 1, 1978 ff.
Leibniz-Zentrum für Zeithistorische Forschung: Zeithistorische Forschungen Potsdam (2004) 1 ff.
Leutner, Mechthild / Mühlhahn, Klaus. Deutsch-Chinesische Beziehungen im 19. Jahrhundert: Mission und Wirtschaft in interkultureller Per-spektive. Münster: LIT 2001
Lohfeld, Wiebke / Hochstadt, Steve. Die Emigra-tion jüdischer Deutscher und Österreicher nach Shanghai als Verfolgte im Nationalsozialismus. Wuppertal: Else Lasker-Schüler-Gesellschaft e.V., ohne Jahresangabe, http://, Abruf am 13.03.2020.
Martin, Bernd. „Das Deutsche Reich und Guo-mindang-China, 1927 – 1941“. Guo, Von der Kolonialpolitik zur Kooperation S. 325 ff.
Maul, Eberhard. Japan und die Juden. Studie über die Judenpolitik des Kaiserreiches Japan während der Zeit des Nationalsozialismus 1933 – 1945. Bonn: Dissertation der Rheinischen Fried-rich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn 2000
Pan, Guang. A Study of Jewish Refugees in China (1933 – 1945): History, Theories, and the Chi-nese Patterns. Singapore: Springer 2019
Perl, William R.. The Holocaust Conspiracy: An International Policy of Genocide. New York: Shapolsky 1989
Spence, Jonathan. The Search for Modern China. New York – London: Norton 1990
Taylor, Jay. The Generalissimo: Chiang Kai-shek and the Struggle for Modern China. Cambridge, Massachusetts – London: Harvard Univer-sity Press 2009
Weyrauch, Thomas. Chinas demokratische Tradi-tionen vom 19. Jahrhundert bis in Taiwans Gegenwart Heuchelheim: Longtai 2014
Weyrauch, Thomas. Chinas unbeachtete Republik: 100 Jahre im Schatten der Weltgeschichte Bd. 1. 4. Aufl.: Heuchelheim: Longtai 2015
Wickert, Erwin. „John Rabe und das Massaker von Nanking“. Fritz-Bauer-Institut. Völ-kermord und Kriegsverbrechen in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts, S. 245 ff.
Yü-Dembski, Dagmar. „Chinesenverfolgung im Nationalsozialismus- Ein weiteres Kapitel verdrängter Geschichte“ Institut für Bür-gerrechte & öffentliche Sicherheit, Bürger-rechte & Polizei/CILIP 3/1997 (No.58), S. 70 ff.
Zhou, Xun. Chinese Perceptions of the ‘Jews' and Judaism: A History of the Youtai. Rich-mond/UK: Curzon 2001
Abb. 1: Ludwig Jürgens: Sankt Pauli. Bilder aus einer fröhlichen Welt. Hamburg Global vom 06.06.2013,, Abruf am 01.04.2020.
Abb. 2: Jewish Telegraphic Agency (08.02.2015),, Abruf am 01.04.2020.
Abb. 3: Shanghai Layover, ohne Datum,, Abruf am 01.04.2020.
Abb. 4: Jüdische Schule in Shanghai. Erica Terry, Jewish World Alliance, Jspace News (16.04.2014),, Abruf am 31.03.2020.

Thomas Weyrauch Woo Bao-lien. Chinesische Lyrik der Thang-Zeit Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 63 (2020) 65-66
Brigitte Pfiffner Harro von Senger. 36 Strategeme für Juristen Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 63 (2020) 66-67
Klaus Mäding Stephan Thome. Gott der Barbaren Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 63 (2020) 67-68
Veranstaltungen, Index Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 63 (2020) 69-76

2019 pdf for download
Editorial and Reports Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 62 (2019) 1-24;

Thomas Weyrauch, Gießen/Germany. "Faschismus in China – Japans Marionettenstaaten" Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 62 (2019) 25-31;
#English title: "Facism in China - Japan's Puppet States"
: Japan's ultra-nationalist circles adopted ways of thinking with the elements of ‘racial’ ideology, militarism, authoritarianism, and imperial claims. The ideology reaching into the state leadership as "military and Tennō fascism" fundamentally changed Japan's society. Beginning with the occupation of Manchuria, the Japanese military used puppet regimes that introduced fascist ideology on Chinese soil.
Key words: Fascism, Japan, ‘racial’ ideology, occupation, Manchuria, military puppet regimes, Japan in China
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Barrett, David P. (2001): The Wang Jingwei-Regime, 1940 – 1945: Continuities and Disjunctures with Nationalist China. In: Barrett / Shyu, Chinese Collaboration with Japan, S. 102 ff.
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Boyle, John Hunter (1972): China and Japan at War. The Politics of Collaboration. Stanford: Stanford University Press
Brook, Timothy (2001): The Creation of the Reformed Government in Central China. In: Barrett / Shyu 2001), S. 79 ff.
Chang, Iris (1997): The Rape of Nanking: The Forgotten Holocaust of World War II. New York: Basic Books.
Conley, Maximilian (2016): Facing the Champion of the West: The Origin of Japan´s Wartime Jewish Policy. In: Vanderbilt Historical Review, Fall 2016, S. 67 ff.
Dikötter, Frank (1997): The Construction of Racial Identities in China and Japan: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. London: Hurst.
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Eber, Irene (2018): Jewish Refugees in Shanghai 1933 – 1947: A Selection of Documents. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
Fritz Bauer Institut (2001): Völkermord und Kriegsverbrechen in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts. Frankfurt – New York: Campus.
Gentile, Emilio (2007/08): Der Faschismus. Eine Definition zur Orientierung. In: Mittelweg 36 (2007/08), S. 81 ff.
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Materials on the Trial of Former Servicemen of the Japanese Army Charged with Manufacturing and Imploying Bacteriological Weapons (1950). Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House.
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Mittelweg 36 (Zeitschrift). Hamburg: Hamburger Edition 1992 ff.
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Michael Knüppel. "Zu Blockdrucken chinesischer 'Jahresbilder' aus Liaocheng" Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 62 (2019) 32-40;
#English title: "On Block Printing of Chinese 'Year Images' from Liaocheng"

This paper gives an overview on the tradition, the use and the production of so-called 'year's pictures' from Liaocheng. They have some characteristics in its design, showing deities, symbols of good luck and happiness as well as scenes from the mythology.
Key words
Year’s pictures from Liaocheng, wood cut, wood block printing, production of year's pictures, mythology
#冯骥才 [Féng Jìcái] (2011) 年画 究 [Nián Hu  Yán Jiū]. Bĕijīng 2011.
#(2012) 年画 究 [Nián Hu  Yán Jiū]. Bĕijīng 2012.
#(2015) 年画 究 [Nián Hu  Yán Jiū]. Bĕijīng 2015.
Knüppel, Michael (2019) „Rituelle Verbrauchsgüter“ bei den Hui-Muslimen Shāndōngs. In: Journal of Oriental and African Studies 28, pp. 295-302.
#潍坊杨家 木版年画 [wéi fāng yáng jiā bù mù băn nián hu ]. 招财进宝 [zhāo cái jìn băo] (c. 2007). 潍坊杨家 和兴永书店 [wéi fāng yáng jiā bù hé xīng yŏng shū di n]. [ohne Ort].
Hou Ching-Lang (1975) Monnaies d’offrande et la notion de tésorerie dans la religion chinoise. Paris 1975 (Mémoires de l’Institut des Hautes Études Chinoises. Collège de France 1).
Hunter, Dard (1937) Chinese ceremonial paper. Chillocothe 1937.
Scott, Janet Lee (2007) For gods, ghosts and ancestors: The Chinese tradition of paper offerings. Hong Kong 2007.
Seaman, Gary (1982) Spirit money – an interpretation. In: Journal of Chinese Religions 10 (1). Herbst 1982, pp. 80-91.

Martin Woesler, Hunan Normal University/China, University Witten/Germany. "Leidenschaft im Traum der Roten Kammer" Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 62 (2019) 41-58;
English title: "Passion in the 'Dream of the Red Chamber'"
: Passion is what has made the novel Red Chamber Dreams so successful and what still makes it so attractive: the passion of the first love between hero and heroine, who grow up in the favor of the Emperor in a paradise-like garden. The novel fascinates by describing the nuances between physical and platonic love, breaking the taboos of homosexuality and sexual fantasies. The author himself was driven by passion: he felt personal responsibility that the paradise-like garden was lost, and felt a necessity to document and eternalize his own love and life in all facets. Only the novel allowed him to represent the China of that time, with its manners and customs, clothing and kitchen, mentality and belief, but also corruption and degeneration in all aspects and in all walks of life - from the imperial court to the existence of slaves and beggars. Passionately, the first readers discussed the manuscripts with the author. The passion of its readers made the novel the symbol of Chinese culture, cult, the most widely read novel of all time in China and the fourth most read novel in the world. With passion, early translators and reviewers as well as generations of scholars of letters have digged deep into the novel. No other work of literature has been studied at so many universities. This paper explores the question of what triggers this passion about and within this novel.
Key words: Red Chamber Dreams, passion, sexuality, desire, love
Anthony, C. Yu. Rereading the Stone: Desire and the Making of Fiction in Dream of the Red Chamber. Princeton University Press, 2001.
Cahill, James. Chinese Erotic Painting (2012). Digitale Publikation. Web: http://jamescahill. info/illustrated-writings/chinese-erotic-painting. Letzter Zugriff: 1.12.2019
Huang, Martin W. Desire and Fictional Narrative in Late Imperial China. Cambridge, Mass., and London: Harvard University Press, 2001:176-205
McMahon, Keith. Polygamy and Sublime Passion: Sexuality in China on the Verge of Modernity. University of Hawaii Press, 2010.
Wang, Hansi Lo. “In 'Red Chamber,' A Love Triangle For The Ages”. NPR. 2012.
Woesler, Martin, ed., Cao Xueqin, Gao E et al. Der Traum der Roten Kammer oder Die Geschichte vom Stein [Red Chamber Dreams or The Story of the Stone], Peking: Foreign Languages Press 2016-01-01, ISBN 9787119094120, 4813 pa-ges, 6 vols., hardcover, transl. by Rainer Schwarz and Martin Woesler, University Witten/Germany; Chinese-German bilingual edition
- - -. “Being Explicit About the Implicit – John Minford’s Translation of the last Forty Chapters of The Story of the Stone with a Field Study on two Sexually Arousing Scenes”. Hong lou meng xue kan 6 (2011): 274-289
- - -. “ ’To Amuse the Beaux and Belles’ The Early Western Reception of the Hon-gloumeng”. Journal of Sino-Western Communica-tions 2 (2010.12) 2:81-107

Nora Frisch, Esslingen/Germany and Vienna/Austria. "Der Admiral des Kaisers – Zheng He" Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 62 (2019) 59-66;
English title: "The Imperor's Admiral. The Sea Journeys of Eunuch Zheng He"
: In 1405, on behalf of the Third Ming Emperor Yongle, a huge fleet of 250 ships and 30,000 men was sent on board under the command of Yong Le’s loyal eunuch Zheng He to inform the countries of Southeast Asia of China's greatness and power. Some of these state-of-the-art ships, researchers suggest, could have been about 120 meters in length. In front of such ships, Vasco da Gama's ships were like nutshells.
The admiral of this mighty ship fleet is revered as a national hero in China, but in Germany he is hardly known: Who was this legendary Zheng He and what was he carrying on his huge treasure ships? What logistical excellence was necessary to feed all the people and animals carried along? And what about the tribute system?
China's role as the leading naval nation of the first half of the 15th century is one of the most exciting, but unfortunately also one of the most puzzling chapters in Chinese medieval history, since virtually nothing - neither documents nor boat remains - has been preserved.
Key words: Zheng He, Ming Dynasty, Yongle, tribute system, China's seafaring, admiral of the emperor, treasure ship, junks, shipbuilding, Ma San-bao, Ma He, trading power China, seafarers
Weng Qi, Nora Frisch/ Gregor Körting. Der Admiral des Kaisers - Die Abenteuer des Eunuchen Zheng He. Drachenhaus Verlag 2012, Hard-cover, 140 Seiten, 70 farbige Illustrationen und Fotografien, Format: 21,5 x 24,5 cm, € 24,00 (D)/ € 25,50 (A), ISBN: 978-3-943314-01-4.

Reviews, Events and Index" Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 62 (2019) 67-146

2018 pdf for download
Editorial and Reports Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 62 (2019) 1-24;

Karl-Heinz Pohl, University Trier/Germany. "Identität und Hybridität – Chinesische Kultur und Ästhetik im Zeitalter der Globalisierung" Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 62 (2019) 25-39;
#English title: "Identity and Hybridity - Chinese Culture and Aesthetics in the Age of Globalisation"
: Traditional Chinese aesthetics is a modern way of looking at pre-modern Chinese art. This art not only concerns poetry, calligraphy and painting (as the outstanding scholarly arts), but also covers areas such as architecture, pottery, bronze sculptures, music and martial arts, etc. Many of these arts follow common principles. These principles have contributed to a Chinese identity. Hybridity appears to be a characteristic of contemporary Chinese art, especially painting. Chinese art today shows itself in constant dialogue with its tradition as well as with Western art and art history. Much of what is considered “Chinese” art today, is produced by Chinese artists in a way Westerners expect Chinese art to be. It is made for the international art market, still dominated by Western preferences.
Key words: Chinese aesthetics, Chinese art, pre-modern, poetry, calligraphy, paintings, principles, hybridity
References: keine vorhanden.

Thomas Weyrauch, Gießen/Germany. "Chinas Recht vor 1949" Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 62 (2019) 40-47;
English title: "China's Law before 1949"
: China’s legal reforms since the Qing dynasty are a result of various modernization developments. The political unification of the Republic of China in 1928 created a variety of legal norms, some of which still endure Taiwan today and also influenced the modern law of the People's Republic of China. Furthermore, China before 1949 brought forth outstanding world renown law experts.
Key words: keine vorhanden.
Boorman, Howard L. / Cheng, Joseph K.H. (Hg.): Biographical Dictionary of Republican China Volume 1. New York: Columbia University Press 1967.
Bu, Yuanshi (Hg.): Deutsche und europäische Elemente des chinesischen Rechts. Untersuchungen aus zivilrechtlicher und öffentlich-rechtlicher Perspektive. Berlin: Lit 2012.
Bu, Yuanshi: Die Rezeption des Ausländischen Rechts in China. In: Bu, Deutsche und europäische Elemente des chinesischen Rechts, S. 1 ff.
Chiang, Hai-chao: Die Wandlungen im chinesischen Verfassungsrecht seit dem Zusammenbruch der Mandschu-Dynastie unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der rechtlichen Stellung des Staatsoberhauptes. Reihe Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht, Bd. 23. Köln: C. Heymann 1937.
China Handbook Editorial Board: China Hand-book 1950. New York: Rockport Press 1950.
Deutsch-Chinesische Juristenvereinigung / Deutsch-Chinesisches Institut für Rechtswissenschaften / Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht (Hg.): Zeitschrift für Chinesisches Recht. München: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e.V. 2004 ff.
Deutsche China-Gesellschaft: Mitteilungsblatt 2015. Bochum: Europäischer Universitätsverlag 2015.
Dikötter, Frank: The Age of Openness: China Before Mao. Berkeley – Los Angeles: University of California Press 2008.
Executive Yuan: Republic of China Yearbook 2016. Taibei: Government Information Dept. 2016.
Fincher, John H.: Chinese Democracy: Statist Reform, the Self-Government Movement, and the Republican Revolution. Tokyo: Institute for the Study of Language and Cultures of Asia and Africa 1989.
Freudenberg, Michael: Die Frauenbewegung am Ende der Qingdynastie. Bochum: Brockmeyer 1983.
Hao, Ping: Peking University and the Origins of Higher Education in China. Los Angeles: Bridge 21 2013.
Hsia, Tao-tai: Wartime Judicial Reform in China. In: Hsiung / Levine, S. 275 ff.
Hsiung, James C. / Levine, Steven I.: China´s Bitter Victory: The War with Japan, 1937 – 1945. Armonk N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe 1992.
Ipsen, Knut: Völkerrecht. 5. Aufl., München: C.H. Beck 2004.
Kang, Jichao: Compilation of the Laws of the Republic of China. 3 Bände. Taibei: Sanmin 1999.
Kim, Samuel S.: China, the United Nations and World Order. Princeton / New Jersey: Princeton University Press 1979.
Lo, Carlos Wing-hung: China´s Legal Awakening: Legal Theory and Criminal Justice in Deng´s Era. Hongkong: Hong Kong University Press 1995.
Messmann, Stefan: Chinas Weg in der Gesetzgebung. In: Deutsche China-Gesellschaft: Mitteilungsblatt 2015, S. 49 ff.
Mi, Jian: Deutsches Recht in China seit der Politik der Reform und Öffnung. In: Deutsch-Chinesische Juristenvereinigung u.a., Zeitschrift für Chinesisches Recht (2007), S. 132 ff.
Myers, Ramon Hawley: The Chinese State in the Republican Era. In: Shambaugh, S. 42 ff.
Nathan, Andrew James: Chinese Democracy. New York: Knopf 1985.
Opitz, Peter J.: Chinas grosse Wandlung. Revolutionäre Bewegungen im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. München: C.H.Beck 1972
Paul, Gregor (Hg.): Staat und Gesellschaft in der Geschichte Chinas. Theorie und Wirklichkeit. Reihe Staatsverständnisse Bd. 87. Baden-Baden: Nomos 2016.
Sattler-von Sivers, Gabriele: Die Reformbewegung von 1898. In: Opitz, S. 55 ff.
Shambaugh, David L. (Hg.): The Modern Chinese State. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2000.
Sharma, Arvind: The World's Religions: A Contemporary Reader. Minneapolis: Fortress Press 2011.
Twiss, Sumner B.: Confucian Contributions to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In: Sharma, The World's Religions, S. 102 ff.
Weber-Schäfer, Peter: Die republikanische Bewegung (im Inhaltsverzeichnis: Die konstitutionelle Bewegung). In: Opitz, S. 82 ff.
Weggel, Oskar: Chinesische Rechtsgeschichte. Leiden – Köln: E.J. Brill 1980.
Weyrauch, Thomas: Chinas demokratische Traditionen. 2. Aufl., Heuchelheim: Longtai 2015.
Weyrauch, Thomas: Chinas unbeachtete Republik. Bd. 1. 4. Aufl., Heuchelheim: Longtai 2015.
Weyrauch, Thomas: Sanmin Zhuyi – Sun Yatsens Staatslehre. In: Paul, S. 103 ff.

Sun Mengyao, Michael Knüppel, Liaocheng University/China. "Die Hui-Muslime der Stadt Liaocheng" Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 62 (2019) 48-56;
#English title: The Hui-Muslims of Liaocheng City"
: The Hui-Muslim community in the town of Liaocheng is introduced with some of their socio-cultural specifica like adaption of habits and traditions from their non-Muslim environ-ment (especially the borrowing of so-called 'ritualistic expendable goods'), religious 'infra-structure' (like mosques, clerics etc.), and the question of specific Muslim clothing. It is con-cluded that the borrowings are also a result of the small size of the community and the duration of living among an overwhelming majority of Non-Muslims.
Key words: Hui, Liaocheng, Muslims, religious practices, minority, cultural heritage
Dillon, Michael: China’s Muslim Hui community: migration, settlement and sects, Richmond: Curzon, 1999.
Gladney, Dru C.: Muslim Chinese: Ethnic nationalism in the People’s Republic, ²Cambridge/Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996 (Harvard East Asian Monographs 149).
Knüppel, Michael: „Zur Verbreitung von ‘Himmelsgeld’ bei Muslimen Chinas“, in: Geldgeschichtliche Nachrichten 54 (303). Mai 2019, S. 154–158.
Knüppel, Michael: „On Chinese Āhōng 阿訇“, in: Studia Lingu-istica (z. Zt. im Druck).
Knüppel, Michael: „‘Rituelle Verbrauchsgüter’ bei den Hui-Muslimen Shandongs“, in: Journal of Ori-ental and African Studies 28. 2019, pp. 295-302.
Knüppel, Michael: „‘Sycee’-Barren im Kontext des chinesischen Opfergeschehens“, in: Geldgeschichtliche Nach-richten (z. Zt. im Druck).

Martin Woesler, Hunan Normal University/China, University Witten/Germany. "Unausgesprochenes im Traum der Roten Kammer" Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 62 (2019) 57-64;
English title: "The Unspoken in 'Dream of the Red Chamber'"
: Chinese literary works are often influenced by censorship, be it by others or by the author himself. In China and the West there are different traditions of decency. With the Red Chamber Dreams, we have a novel of rich subtlety, but luckily we also have a novel at hand that comes with a hemerneutical tradition only comparable to the bible. So we have more products of scholarly discourse about the question, what this novel expresses directly and what it tries to keep secret. There are various manuscript versions, handwritten advices of relatives / confidants before publication, an army of scholars who try to interpret every aspect of the novel, some trying to situate it in real life etc. Here we are interested in the question, according to the manuscript comments in the novel, which biographical facts may be revealed in the novel, which must remain unspoken and why. Reasons are sought in taboos (like suicide), in the protection of real persons, in the avoidance of lese majeste etc. The author seems to be aware of the concealment and seems to play with it, if he chooses the protagonist name Zhen Shiyin 甄 士隱, homophonous with 真 事 隐 "The true facts are hidden". All these precautions (perhaps narrative strategies) could not prevent the temporary ban on the novel. One of the main interpretation schools of the Dream is the Decryption School (索隐派, literally: School of the Search for the Hidden), whose assignment of novel elements to contemporary reality is more rewarding to us than its conspiracy and puzzles theories. Special attention should also be given to morally ethical reasons to keep silent: While the novel explains why it is not a romance novel (usually with some pornographic descriptions), John Minford translates two sexually charged scenes that remain unspoken in the Chinese original, for the Western Readers almost extravagantly vivid.
Key words: Red Chamber Dreams, tradition of decency, decoding school, indirectness
Anthony, C. Yu. Rereading the Stone: Desire and the Making of Fiction in Dream of the Red Chamber. Princeton University Press, 2001.
Cooper, Eugene, and Meng Zhang. "Patterns of cousin marriage in rural Zhejiang and in Dream of the Red Chamber." The Journal of Asian Studies 52.1 (1993): 90-106.
Craig, F. I. S. K. "The Alterity of Chinese Literature in its Critical Contexts." Chinese Literature, Essays, Articles, Reviews 2.1 (1980): 87.
Edwards, Louise P. Men and women in Qing China: gender in the Red chamber dreams. Vol. 31. Brill, 1994.
Eifring, Halvor, ed. Love and emotions in traditional Chinese literature. Vol. 63. Brill, 2004.
Ma, Guorong, Mufan Wang, and Wei Wang. "Societal Culture from Late Imperial to Con-temporary China: As Indirectly Reflected in A Dream of Red Mansions." Chinese Perspectives on Cultural Psychiatry. Springer, Singapore, 2019. 21-39.
Plaks, Andrew H. Archetype and Allegory in the Dream of the Red Chamber. Princeton Univer-sity Press, 2015.
Ropp, Paul Stanley, Paola Zamperini, and Harriet Thelma Zurndorfer, eds. Passionate women: Female suicide in late imperial China. Brill, 2001.
Saussy, Haun. "Reading and Folly in Dream of the Red Chamber." Chinese Literature: Essays, Articles, Reviews (CLEAR) 9.1/2 (1987): 23-47.
Woesler, Martin, ed., Cao Xueqin, Gao E et al. Der Traum der Roten Kammer oder Die Geschichte vom Stein [Red Chamber Dreams or The Story of the Stone], Peking: Foreign Languages Press 2016-01-01, ISBN 9787119094120, 4813 pages, 6 vols., hardcover, transl. by Rainer Schwarz and Martin Woesler; Chinese-German bilingual edition
- - -. “The Waves of the ‚Stone’ – Early Reception of Chinese Literature in the West with the core of Instrumentalization and Exotiza-tion of the disseminated Red Chamber Dreams”. Studies of Caoxueqin 1 (2016): 118–127
- - -. “The impact of Cao Xueqin and the Red Chamber Dreams in Europe”. Hong lou meng xue kan 5 (2015): 229–246
- - -. “Being Explicit About the Implicit – John Minford’s Translation of the last Forty Chapters of The Story of the Stone with a Field Study on two Sexually Arousing Scenes”. Hong lou meng xue kan 6 (2011): 274-289
- - -. “ ’To Amuse the Beaux and Belles’ The Early Western Reception of the Hongloumeng”. Journal of Sino-Western Communications 2 (2010.12) 2:81-107
Xi, Fei, and Han Guang. "Cultural Impacts on Indirectness in English Writings of Chinese ESL/EFL Learners." Intercultural Communication Studies 16.1 (2007): 176.
Yan, G. O. N. G. "An Aesthetic Probe into the Characteristics of Literary Language." Legend Biography Literary Journal Selection 4 (2011): 8.

Reviews, Events and Index Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 62 (2019) 65-96

2017 pdf for download
Editorial and Reports, 1-24;

Gregor Paul, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology/Germany. "Kunst und Macht in der Geschichte Chinas. Unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Kunst im öffentlichen Raum" Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 62 (2019) 25-48;
#English title: "Art and Power in the History of China. With Particular Consideration of Public Art"
: none.
Key words: none.
Arnold, Dorothea, 2012: Die ägyptische Kunst, München: Beck 2012.
Chinesische Architekturakademie (Hg.), 1990: Klassische chinesische Architektur, Stuttgart: DVA 1990.
Demandt, Alexander, 1997: Vandalismus: Gewalt gegen Kultur, Berlin: Siedler 1997.
Dikötter, Frank, 2016: The Cultural Revolution, London: Bloomsbury 2016.
Harlander, Tilman, und Wolfram Pyta (Hg.), 2010: NS-Architektur: Macht und Symbolpolitik, Bochum: LIT 2010.
Höllmann, Thomas, 2008: Das alte China: Eine Kulturgeschichte, München: Beck 2008.
Jansen, Gregor (Hg.), 2006: totalstadt beijing case, Köln: Walther König 2006.
Kolrud, Kristine, und Marina Prusac (Hg.), 2014: Iconclasm from Antiquity to Modernity, Farnham: Ashgate 2014.
Kündiger, Barbara, 2001: Fassaden der Macht: Architektur der Herrschenden, Leipzig: Seemann 2001.
Latour, Bruno, und Peter Weibel (Hg.), 2002: Iconoclash, Karlsruhe: ZKM.
Lempertz (Hg.), 2012: Mao and the 20th century, porcelains from the H.-J. Hübner Collection, 8 June 2012 Cologne [Catalogue] Lempertz Auction 999: Köln 2012.
Lenk, Hans, und Gregor Paul:
Liu Heung Shing (Hg.), 2008: China, Köln: Taschen 2008.
Paul, Gregor, 2010: Konfuzius und Konfuzianismus, Darmstadt: WBG.
Paul, Gregor (Hg.), 2016: Staat und Gesellschaft in der Geschichte Chinas: Theorie und Praxis, Baden-Baden: Nomos 2016.
Schulz, Regine, und Mattias Seidel (Hg.): Ägypten: Die Welt der Pharaonen: h. f. ullmann.
Schwarz, Ernst (Übers. und Komm.), 1988: Chrysanthemen im Spiegel: Klassische chinesische Dichtungen, Berlin (DDR): Rütten & Loening, 2. Aufl. 1988.
Spence, Jonathan D., und Annping Chin (Hg.), 1996: Das Jahrhundert Chinas, München: Bertelsmann 1996.
Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden (Hg.), 2008: Goldener Drache – Weißer Adler: Kunst im Dienste der Macht am Kaiserhof von China und am sächsisch-polnischen Hof (1644 – 1795), München: Hirmer 2008.
Studium Generale der Universität Heidelberg (Hg.), 2006: Bildersturm, Heidelberg: Winter. Mit instruktiven Studien von Beispielen seit dem alten Mesopotamien.
von Strauss, Victor (Übers.), 1969: Schī-Kīng: Das klassische Liederbuch der Chinesen, Darmstadt: WBG 1969.
Wu Hung, 2005: Remaking Beijing: Tiananmen Square and the Creation of a Political Space: The University of Chicago Press 2005.

Karl-Heinz Pohl, University Trier/Germany. "Literatur und Macht in der Geschichte Chinas" Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 62 (2019) 49-65;
English title: "Literature and Power in the History of China"
: none.
Key words: none.
References: none.

Martin Woesler, University Witten/Germany. "Das entkunstete Land - Kunst und politische Macht im China der Gegenwart am Beispiel von Literatur und Film, Internet und Digitalisierung" Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 62 (2019) 66-85;
#English title: "A Country deprived of Art - Art and Political Power in Present Day China by the Example of Literature, Film, Internet and Digitalization"
: In dictatorial societies, storytellers (artists, writers, film directors, bloggers etc.) and the rulers have a complex relationship. In China this has become particularly developed and has grown through millennia-old tradition (in Area of tension wen yi zai dao and shi yan shi) and also through traumatic experiences since 1949 in campaigns and in the Cultural Revolution. This study asks to what extent art still remains art if it devoted itself to one ideology (or commerce). In contemporary film, there's a trend to (visual) violence and pop art propaganda movies, and in digitalization, there's an increase in security at the expense of privacy, data protection and creative artistic expression.
#Key words: China, Art, Political Power, Authority, Artists as Conscience, Film, Art and Power, Storytellers and Rulers, Art and Ideology, De-Art, State Circumcised Pseudo-Art
References: none.

Paul U. Unschuld, Charité Berlin. "Antike Klassiker der Chinesischen Medizin. 帝内經靈樞 Huang Di Nei Jing Ling Shu" Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 62 (2019) 86-105;
#English title: "Antique Classics on Chinese Medicine. Huang Di Nei Jing Ling Shu"
: This text has been published as part of a preface to Paul Unschuld's commented German translation of Huang Di Nei Jing Ling Shu for the first time, but deserves further distribution than as a "mere" part of a specialist publication. The texts presented by him are early evidence of mankind that people wanted to take a conscious step from esoteric medicine to 'conventional medicine', from superstition to rationalization, from religiousness to secularism. It was clear that Chinese medicine would not turn away from superstition that and this was because of the lack of distribution of the texts. Unschuld proves that despite the locations in organs and descriptions of interactions, which still seem esoteric for us, the rejection of ghosts and the parallelization with the state model (if the body is healthy, it is like the state being in order) is a step towards rationalization.
Key words: none.

Reviews, Events and Index Mitteilungsblatt (Deutsche China-Gesellschaft) 62 (2019) 106-130

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